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During his reign from 527 to 565, the Byzantinian emperor Justinian fortified the town that Queen Zenobia from Palmyra had originally built to protect her empire against the Persians advancing from beyond the Euphrates.

The solid gypsum walls of its fortress form a triangle: the basis touches the Euphrates and the two sides culminate in a citadel. 

 

Isolated from other colonies, the city escaped the sack of its magnificent walls and thus remained one of the best preserved and most interesting cities in Syria. 

 

 

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